Monday, May 25, 2020

Racial Stereotypes And Racial Discrimination - 1550 Words

It is common knowledge that the topic of race is being examined all over the world. Frequently, more efforts are made through formation of policies, enactment of laws, and abolition of practices to obliterate racial discrimination. The pace of success of this endeavor is being delayed by the media because the media constantly portrays race in an inappropriate and derogatory manner. A race as described by Yolanda. T. Moses is a group of people who share similar and unique characteristics, while racial stereotypes are automatic and mental pictures held about all members of a particular social group. When people are stereotyped racially, they do not take into account individual differences .The media’s poor understanding of the true meaning of race has been communicated to the general public, making people think race is a biological phenomenon whereas it is socially and culturally constructed (Moses 735) and this has caused the increase in racial stereotypes by media’s con tinuous portrayal of negative stereotypes of different races all over the world. Years ago, biologists made research on the biological variations between individuals and they made inferences that the distinctive characteristics of members of a particular race are a result of their inherited genes. They often limited their understanding of race to skin color and physical attributes until 1758 where a Swedish botanist named Carolus Linnaeus established the classification system still in use for variousShow MoreRelatedRacial And Ethnic Stereotypes That Feed Discrimination1652 Words   |  7 Pagesinstance, the authors explain in depth how politicians â€Å"use racial and ethnic groups to win electoral races, and promote racial and ethnic stereotypes that feed discrimination. (Coramae R. Mann, 2006)† Politicians use racial and ethnic groups to win electoral races by using the statistics that are in their best interest, to achieve the outcome that they need. Politicians also promote racial and ethnic stereotypes that feed into discrimination by creating images of Latinos and Latinas as lower classRead MoreEssay on Defining Racial Discrimination?775 Words   |  4 PagesFor discrimination to occur both power and prejudice need to come together, forming barriers that oppress a person or group of people deemed inferior. Discrimination can be intentional or unintentional. The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines racism, as the belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities, and produces an inherent superiority of a particular race. Racial discrimination refers to discriminatory actions based on race or skin color. Racial discrimination canRead MoreRacial Stereotypes : The Film, Crash, Director Paul Haggis1304 Words   |  6 Pagessociety are thwarted due t o racial and ethnic prejudice, stereotypes, and discrimination. In the film, Crash, Director Paul Haggis addresses racial inequality by conveying instances of racial stereotypes, social class disparity, and police brutality. The usage of racial stereotypes constructs an unreliable generalization of all members of a race. Racial stereotypes fail to recognize the individual differences that lie within a race. Haggis demonstrates several racial stereotypes that Asians and AfricanRead MoreRacial Discrimination : The Melting Pot Essay1181 Words   |  5 Pagesracism still exists. Many years after the world war I and II, the country is still struggling with racial prejudice and discrimination. While there are laws that are put into place to protect employees or job applicant against racial biases, racial discrimination still plays a role in hiring decisions. In today’s world, racial stereotypes and discriminations are becoming less acceptable. Racial discrimination and harassment remain pervasive throughout the workplace, with 40% to 76% of ethnic minority employeesRead MoreThe Pros And Cons Of Racial Profiling1046 Words   |  5 PagesSection One: A social problem in the U.S that I will be discussing is racial profiling. Racial profiling has been a method that polices use to target suspicious individuals based on the stereotypes of their race, and I believe it is an immoral tactic. I never knew what racial profiling was until I was a senior year in high school and learned how injustice it was. I was disappointed I was not aware of this procedure, because this violates an individual’s physical appearance, and in the United StatesRead MoreRacial Discrimination : White People897 Words   |  4 Pagesvictims of racial discrimination. Racial discrimination has been around for centuries. Unfortunately, it is still a part of our society. Racism is everywhere and is even the top stories in the news. The way I grew up increased my chance of racial discrimination. To explain, I have a multiracial family and some people don’t accept it. Also, I have friends of different races that often say disturbing comments. Stereotypes play a big role on how people view a particular race. People often use racial stereotypesRead MoreRacism : Racism And Discrimination1432 Words   |  6 Pagesslavery and inequality among races. While there has been significant progress to realize a fair and equal America now and in the future, many citizens stubbornly cling to old, outdated and preconceived racial prejudices. For my experiment, I seek to further study and assess ongoing racism and discrimination by discovering and exploring the difference in potentially racist views between men and women (i.e., by gender). For instance, are white males within a certain age range more likely to hold racistRead MoreRace Relations And Social Inequality1610 Words   |  7 Pagesrelated to race relations. By comparing two articles â€Å"Ethno-Racial Attitudes and Social Inequality† and â€Å"What happens before? A field experiment exploring how pay and representation differentially shape bias on the pathway into org anizations† this paper will explore racial social injustices with the intent to showcase the thinking about race relations and social inequality. Points of Interest Racial inequality is a volatile and complex topic; there is noRead MoreThe Rap Song By Tupac Amaru Shakur Essay1552 Words   |  7 Pagesmost of his songs which revolved around controversial issues such as crime, drug and racial discrimination in the inner cities in America society in the 1990s. The rap song â€Å"Changes† that was released in 1988, two years after Tupac’s death, reflected the social discrimination towards African American under the aspects of racial prejudice and crimes. The lyric of the song demonstrated the concept of Underclass stereotype towards African Americans by Abelmann and Lie, and Wilson realistically, which providedRead MoreAmerica Still Divided : Racism And Discrimination1091 Words   |  5 PagesSoc206 April 30, 2015 Final/Research Paper America Still Divided Racism and discrimination inequalities have become a major discussion throughout the years in our society. Inequalities has impacted every level of humanity on this earth. Education, tolerance and acceptance can be used to challenge one another in attempt to change the negative traditions that continue to exist in our culture. Racism and discrimination inequalities continues to be passed from generation to generation. When I

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Christianity, Hinduism, And Islam - 1054 Words

Every religion has its own goal, and their own believes, however there are also many similarities in their believes. Although the followers of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam may see things differently, they basically hold the same values and codes. To Islam, the Prophet Mohammad’s teaching is a â€Å"complete and final revelation†. On the other hand, according to the bible, Christianity believes that Jesus Christ is the true lord and savior will grant you the access to heaven in the afterlife. Judaism is founded by Abraham, and it is the base from which both of the other two religions.While Hinduism focuses on one ultimate being of oneness. Even though the four religions differ in many areas and on many aspects, they also agree the belief in ‘One True God.’ Those religions have many similarities and a number of significant differences about God, role of prayer, and salvation. The conception of God in Christianity, Judaism,Hinduism, and Islam is monotheism, the belief in the existence of a single indivisible God. The religions maintains that there is only one God. These religions are also patriarchal, male-dominated, which has resulted in God being described as â€Å"He.† However, how Christians, Judaism and Islam idealized God in their respective theologies is actually quite different. In Christianity, God is the supreme creator and ruler of the universe. Christians believe God is infinite,all-powerful, perfect,eternal, unchanging, holy, all-knowing, and all-loving. God isShow MoreRelatedHinduism, Christianity, And Islam1261 Words   |  6 PagesHinduism, Christianity, and Islam are three very prominent religions in today’s world. Although God is an extremely significant figure in all three religions, each sect offers a unique approach in describing God. Each faith has readings from sacred books that discuss their own individual belief s on how God’s disciples should act in order to achieve eternal salvation. The â€Å"Pillar of Edicts†, written by Ashoka, is a summary of the Hindu faith, which discusses the concept of dharma in relation to howRead MoreReligion : Hinduism, Islam, And Christianity1079 Words   |  5 Pagesworship and to follow their practices. A few of the main religions over time have been Hinduism, Islam, and Christianity. These three religions consist of ideas and practices that may be very different, but are made up of the same general idea expressed in a new form. Although their main differences, each religion seeks one thing, and that s an afterlife. Most religions are made up of a god or many gods. Hinduism is considered a polytheistic religion, which means more than one god. Hindu beliefs,Read MoreHinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, And Islam2109 Words   |  9 Pagesit something completely different? There are various different religious views held on death by Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity and Islam. There are also non-religious worldviews about death by postmodernists. One lives his life based on what they perceive will befall them after death. Therefore, the way one lives their life is controlled by what they believe will happen after their death. Hinduism is one of the world’s oldest religions and is still around today, being the third largest religionRead MoreHinduism, Christianity, And Islam Essay1279 Words   |  6 PagesJudaism, Christianity, and Islam is to show service and submission to the one all-powerful, infinite God through prayers unique to that faith, weekly worship gatherings, and various traditions. However execution of worship and ritual varies as a result of historical influences and how that religion decides to display their â€Å"service† to God through the aspects of prayer and traditions. The main intention of worship and ritual is to show â€Å"service† to God, which is known for Judaism, Christianity, andRead MoreChristianity, Islam, Hinduism, And Judaism1076 Words   |  5 Pagesreligions present within todays society with the most prominent being; Christianity, Islam, Hinduism and Judaism (Rosenberg, 2016). These can then be split into two different groups; Monotheistic and Polytheistic. Monotheistic meaning â€Å"The belief that there is only one God† (Crabtree, 2014). This can be seen in Christianity, Islam and Judaism. Therefore Polytheism is the belief and worship of multiple deities, which can be found in Hinduism, Shintoism, and the beliefs of the Ancient Egyptians (Merriam-WebsterRead MoreChristianity, Islam, Buddhism, And Hinduism2587 Words   |  11 PagesMany religions are practiced throughout the world. The most common ones are l Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, and Hinduism. Each of these have their own views, preachers and foll owers. Every religion is independently known because of its distinguishing holy being and god to be worshipped. Religions give their followers the particular strategies and rules in which to lead their lives. These rules and strategies give the distinctive identity to the followers of the particular religion. TheRead MoreChristianity, Islam, Hinduism And Buddhism1206 Words   |  5 PagesOut these many faiths, the most followed and practiced ones are Christianity, Islam, Hinduism and Buddhism. Being the most practiced religion Christianity has over two billion followers. At second, Islam has over one billion adherents. Hinduism has about nine hundred million followers and Buddhism has about four hundred million followers. Soon after are Sikhism, Judaism and Baha’ism. Like most of the other religion, Christianity has a God. Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God, and wasRead MoreHinduism, Christianity, Judaism, And Islam940 Words   |  4 PagesIt can be said that there is no such thing as Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Judaism, or Islam. In a general sense I agree with this statement, but I also disagree. As human beings, we naturally classify things into groups in order to make sense of them. From the moment we are born our brains begin to classify between male and female, loud and soft, big and small, or dark and light. By assimilating things that are similar we are able to learn new things faster by finding connections to somethingRead MoreChristianity, Islam, Hinduism, And Buddhism Essay2361 Words   |  10 Pagesreligions provide morals to help stop injustices that comes from the capitalistic society that ushers globalization to every corner of the earth. He also states that globalization is mutually beneficial to the globa l religions such as Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism because it â€Å"can help free world religions from troubling alliances with particular communal identity and politics and nudge them to rediscover their genuine universality.† For Volf, these religious practices â€Å"are notRead MoreIslam, Hinduism, Buddhism And Christianity Comparison1025 Words   |  5 PagesPractices of Hinduism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism and Christianity Comparison Hinduism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism and Christianity developed centuries ago and have been practiced since then to today. Groups of people who practice these religions are bound to the conventional norms, beliefs, cultures and way of life of each. Each religion has a particular faith in a supreme being (Woodhead, Partridge Kawanami, 2016). Muslims believe in Allah, Christians believe in Jesus Christ, Hindus believe in

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Planning Process Of Flat World Knowledge - 856 Words

Planning is The first step or key component in the P-O-L-C framework process which is seen as a critical management element. However, the planning process consists of several steps that involve environmental scanning, setting, objectives and determining the course. Therefore, all organizations must be aware of the changing trends that there are up against in an attempt to forecast the future to obtain the competitive edge (Carpenter, Bauer, Erdogan, Short, 2013). Therefore, the planning process is know different for the founder of Flat World Jeff Shelstad and Eric Frank. The type of planning the founders of Flat World Knowledge is in engaging in is their mission that â€Å"personalization and affordability changes everything† (Flat World Knowledge, 2015). Flat World does this by offering lower cost of digital textbooks because the cost of textbooks today is a major issue for most students attending college. The Gates Foundation study indicated that two reasons why students drop out or do not go to college is the cost of books (Joyner, 2013). Therefore, by Flat World living up to their mission by making textbook affordable, this gives students the opportunity to pursue their dreams. Not only does affordability provide opportunity, it also provides a competitive advantage. However, another competitive edge that Flat World Knowledge possesses is that it is affiliated with non-profit groups and other non-profit educational ventures, to offer varieties of textbooks affordableShow MoreRelatedVarious Scopes of Web Designing Essay552 Words   |  3 Pagesare the lifelines of the web. Therefore career scope in web planning is tremendous and career opportunities are smart. With the inevitable need of internet sites for any website designing company Chennai, search for efficient net designers, is ever compelling. These professionals are needed in each field of business from massive firms to academics institutes, to little business to private uses. Here the web designer supposed to need knowledge in the HTML language and CSS. It contains domain name, perfectRead MoreThe World of Technology Meets the World of Education Essay749 Words   |  3 Pagesand textbooks and make room for the netbook, laptop, iPod, iPhone and iPad; they are moving into the classroom. Students are ready to use these new gadgets whether educators are ready or not. Therefore, the world of education needs to embrace the world of technology and take off on the World Wide Web. Technology is not going away. Our students of today must be technosavvy in order to function in their adult lives of tomorrow. The implementation of technology allows teachers to use differentiatedRead MoreEnvironmental Scanning Is A Critical Piece Of The Planning Process907 Words   |  4 PagesEnvironmental scanning is a critical piece of the planning process in the POLC framework and â€Å"means that planners must be aware of the critical contingencies facing their organization in terms of economic conditions, their competitors, and their customers.† (Carpenter, M., Bauer, T. (2009). Introduction to Principles of Management. In Principles of management (p. 9). Nyack, N.Y.: Flat World Knowledge.) The American auto industry is no exception to this fact and must face the impact of shifts inRead MoreWhat Makes A Durable Wheelset Is Symbol Of A Good Buddy1549 Words   |  7 Pagesrounder tire profiles. This assists to guarantee that when on earth you are riding throughout side winds that you acquire even air flow, along with that you can continue your speed effortlessly devoid of experiencing a bunch of force. When you are planning to acquire carbon fiber bike products, think on the subject of getting tubular wheels. They have extremely superior stability and brilliant aero performance. The wheel rims contain carbon pads as well as are extremely light, which makes the brakesRead MoreTalent Management is New Innovation Taking Over Human Resources1192 Words   |  5 Pagestime (Jackson Schuler, 1990) and therefore managing talent are critical to the company’s accomplishment of their objective and purpose. Silzer explains TM process through a specific menu: identification (talent planning, university recruiting, and succession plan), assessment (performance management), development (development and career planning, succession management, talent movement) and retention (employee engagement, compensation and benefits). This strategic framework can help professionals andRead MoreMarketing in the Operational Context: the Case of Ikea1261 Words   |  6 PagesIKEA It was in 1943 when IKEA was founded by Ingvar Kamprad. The first IKEA store opened in Almhult, Sweden in 1958. Also, the first IKEA store outside of Sweden was established in Norway. Currently, there are over 220 stores of IKEA around the world and is operating in 33 territories or countries. This number is still expected to increase as there is already a line-up of store openings. With the rapid changes that are happening in the global marketplace, it is necessary to examine the macro environmentRead MoreResearch A Management Issue Or Potential Management Issues From Case Study1675 Words   |  7 Pages....................4 2.1 Organisational structure.............................................................................4 2.2 Performance Management.........................................................................4 2.3 Strategic Planning and Growth.................................................................5 2.4 Positional Power and Theories.................................................................6 3. Conclusion......................................................Read MoreRole of Decision Support System for Decision-Making Process in Global Business Environment1741 Words   |  7 PagesInformation Systems Analysis Topic: Decision Support Systems Uma V Devi 2009  © Role of Decision Support System for DecisionMaking Process in Global Business Environment Decision Support System: A Decision Support System is an integrated set of computer tools allowing a decision maker to interact directly with computer to retrieve information useful in making semi structured and unstructured decisions. Example of this decisions include such things as merger and acquisition decisionsRead MoreAnalyze the Relationship Between Management Structure and Culture and Its Effect on Business Performance1573 Words   |  7 Pagescompany it is advisable to study and discuss corporate culture and management structure. What is corporate culture? The easiest way to think of corporate culture is that it is an energy field that determines how people think, acts, and views the world around them. I often compare culture to electricity. Culture is powerful and invisible and its effects are far reaching. Culture is an energy force that becomes woven through the thinking, behavior, and identity of those within the group. CorporateRead MoreSignificant Developments From The Welfare State1598 Words   |  7 Pageshealth care was a right, not something given unreliably by charity, also two-party’s agreement that the existing services were in a mess and had to be sorted out, it stopped financial difficulties for the voluntary hospitals and After the second world war it ensured the creation of an emergency medical service as part of the war effort plus the dreadful effects of the war made it possible to have a massive change of system, rather than incremental amendment, also an increasing view amongst the

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Integrated Engineering Change Management Process

Question: Discuss about the Integrated Engineering Change Management Process. Answer: Introduction Understanding theory of change should raise a great concern to every administrator in an organization; management should, therefore, be perceptive of every change that comes amidst the day to day running of the firm. Schneider, Ehrhart and Macey (2013) points out that such alteration might involve any phase of the company from the organizational, administrative structure to technological advancement. Severe consequences may occur for instance if measures are not taken by the administrators before the introduction of various changes within a company, for example, the rationale behind departmentalization or the duty roster compilation and execution. Therefore if these kinds of changes are not well managed, tussles could arise between the employees and the top management. It is because of such activities within organizations that Walter, Cole, and Humphrey (2017) define change management theory as any transition used by teams or organizations to redirect the modes of operation like budget allocation and business processes in a bid to reshape the company significantly. According to this author, change management theory involves crystallizing current ideas, behavior patterns, and methodologies as per what is workable in the organization. The approaches help members and administration of the firm to understand the course of change processes and the measures that can be taken to ensure the implementation of such changes. Various scholars have coined different change management theory models to try to explain why and how change can be implemented both in the public and the private sector organizations. Contrary to strategies of change, these models, act as guides to the fundamental alterations that are necessary for a company. According to Parke (2017), th e term model is just but a pack of assumptions that when put together may turn into reality. He goes ahead to discuss some of the current change management theory approaches which include: The contingency model of change is also known as the Dunphy and Staces model of change. The two studied change from the perspective of a transformation of an organization. Their model was not only situational but also changed strategies to achieve maximal fitness within the environment which meant for its operation. According to Dunphy and Stace, the most appropriate change to be implemented depended entirely on the situational analysis. The theory puts change into four categories namely the modular transformation, corporate transformation, fine tuning, and incremental adjustment. They went further to describe different styles of leadership which included: Consultative style whereby leaders consult employees in making decisions on critical matters affecting the normal running and growth of the company. Coercive style in which change is imposed on employees by their leaders thereby accepting the new strategies unwillingly. The collaborative mode in which the administrative system is supported by the employees, therefore, making the transformation smooth. A transformational model whereby the managers may make impromptu decisions just to ensure the firm survives. Dunphy and Staces model has got five different types of change. Moreover, the models emphasize on the interaction between the scale of change and the administrative styles. These steps of change include: Taylorism, a type of change that involves avoidance of change yet minor adjustments only leads to poor performance by the company. Charismatic transitions in which the influence of a familiar figure most probably a leader is used to make employees accept a particular change. Turnarounds- a type of transition that involves the use of authority to impose changes that are considered beneficial to the company on employees. A developmental change in which the administration of a company puts a major focus on team building, employee development and of course the subsequent improvement of service quality. The final type of change according to these two scholars is the task-focused transition which puts a lot of emphasis on constant reorganizations to come up with new products, procedures and improve the quality of service. Despite their model on change management theory being one of the most popular, Walter (2012) argues that it is non-empirical. In addition to this, it is also over-dependant on the leadership styles and the change drivers but not the analysis of organizational factors. Nudge theory As demonstrated by Ostroff (2013), this model uses behavioral science, political theory, and economics to strategize management change in organizations. The pioneers include Cass R. Sunstein and Richard H. There whose a whole idea of leadership revolves around exploring, understanding the situation at hand and trying to find a way of either eliminating them or making necessary adjustments to a point which the positive outcome outweigh the adverse outcome. They emphasize on the fact that choices should be in such a manner that they can go hand in hand with the way in which people think and make decisions. The model is said to be radical in nature because of its sophistication in its approach. Nyamsuren (2015) denotes that the model eliminates traditional transition methods like direct instructions and punishment as reinforcements. However, one of the advantages of this theory that makes it stand out is that acknowledges the difference in feelings and opinions of people about the reality of the perceived situation not forgetting the human behavior, nature and characteristics. Dhingra and Punia (2017) denote that the model, therefore, minimizes to greater percentage resistance from the employees in organizations but only if well applied. Nudge theory foregrounds behavioral science as an epitome of encouraging people to make good decisions not only for personal good but the overall excellence of the society as well. Although there has been a little concern about the demarcations between outright manipulation and nudging for good, the medical field mainly has fully embraced the idea and s o has the human resource management. ADKAR model According to Grandey, Diefendorff, and Rupp (2013), this is a goal oriented tool which emphasizes the need for heads of organizations to focus on those factors that would enable the company to achieve its objectives. Its also important noting that the results obtained by use of this model are both cumulative and sequential and therefore each result obtained has to arranged in an orderly manner so that to sustain the changes and subsequently implement them. The model can, therefore, be used by managers to exhume the gaps in their administrative structure so that employees have a conducive working environment. ADKAR is an acronym which stands for Awareness, Knowledge, and Reinforcement which involves keeping the changes implemented not just today but in future as well Walter, Cole and Humphrey (2011). Considering the structure of this model, some scholars have credited it for its benefits, for instance. Huy (2012) argues that model is capable of identifying and evaluating the reasons why the changes already made dont work and why the desired result are hard to obtain. Moreover, this model also allows the administrators of organizations to break down the changes implemented into different parts and try to find out the points at which the changes are not as effective as expected. In other words, this model focuses on both personal and business dimensions of change. Bridges Transition Model The approach was pioneered by William Bridges as a change consultant a design that makes a deeper analysis of how changes come in organizations. It drew a distinction between change and transition. Parke (2017) says that transition is intrapersonal whereas change is just an experience and times, happens even without the knowledge of him or her who experiences it. He goes ahead to say that change may be instant while transition on the other hand takes time; transition happens to people as they go through change. The model focuses on three main stages which include: Ending, Losing, and Letting go- the fact that when people propose a change, they may resist or even face emotional discomfort thereby causing fear, anger denial, and resentment (Major, 2014). Therefore it is important for individuals to be ready for changes when marking new beginnings. The neutral zone- This is a stage of impatience, uncertainty, and confusion; a wall between the old and the new when people are still engulfed by the old but wish to adapt to the new. This stage is hence showing signs of low morale, skepticism, and low productivity; however, this phase may also include innovation and burst of creativity. New beginning- Upon passing the neutral zone stage with support and enthusiasm, this final stage enters where people begin to understand and appreciate the idea of change (Major, 2014). Therefore individuals start pursuing the skills required to obtain the goals set by the organization. In this stage, people show a lot of commitment and zest to seek new knowledge Recommendations Just as noted by Rothman and Melwani (2017), an organization is like an organism which inhabits a very vibrant ecosystem and therefore requires a continuous practical focus to propagate and avoid elimination. Thus, for an organization to thrive in the contemporary tight corporate competition, change management is one of the areas in which if well dealt with, solutions can be found to carve out transformational plans in the organizations. Change management is not only meant to maximize profit for those who have actively involved in the change process buts also the holistic sustainability of the company. Therefore, organizations should try implementing different models of management change in their organizations for purposes of elevating the profitability of these enterprises and individual development of their employees. Effective organizational change hence requires the stakeholders of the organization to ensure the culture and structure of its operations are in line with the set objectives. As pointed out by Cole and Humphrey (2011), the organizational change can effectively be managed by recommending an effective determination process so as to evaluate the readiness of the organization towards the possible changes. The step will assist in understanding whether the management strongly supports the change as well as the involvement of the subordinate in effecting the change. Through a better communication plan and strategy, the evaluation process will also help the stakeholders of the organization to ensure all the required information and resources are as well as the priority alternatives are on board. As a result, the stakeholders will be very confident in commencing strategies towards change and sustaining the change achieved. Conclusion Change management is a term used to describe the transition made by organizations from one state to the other. From the business perspective, it refers to the adjustments made by administrators of institutions so that to meet changing market trends and objectives of the company. It entails the application of structured methodologies to steer business from its current status to the desired levels. The major advantage of applying the change management theory, therefore, is that it helps businesses to operate as per their budgets and eventually realize their potentials. Thus, for a company to boost its benefits, improve the working conditions of employees and adopt new technology to meet customer demands, management change theory should be applied. References Dhingra, R., Punia, B. K. (2016). Relational Analysis of Emotional Intelligence and Change Management: A Suggestive Model for Enriching Change Management Skills.Vision (09722629),20(4), 312-322. doi:10.1177/0972262916668726 Grandey, A. A., Diefendorff, J. M., Rupp, D. E. (2013). Emotional labor in the 21st century: Diverse perspectives on emotion regulation at work. New York: Routledge. Huy, Q. N. 2012. Emotions and strategic organization: Opportunities for impactful research. Strategic Organization, 10: 240247 Major, M. J. (2014). Quality management and a balanced scorecard as supporting frameworks for a new management model and organisational change.Total Quality Management Business Excellence,25(7/8), 763-775. doi:10.1080/14783363.2014.904568 Nyamsuren, P. (2015). An integrated engineering change management process model for a project-based manufacturing.International Journal Of Computer Integrated Manufacturing,28(7), 745-752. doi:10.1080/0951192X.2014.924342 Ostroff, C. (2013). Organizational culture and climate. In I. B. Weiner, N. W. Schmitt, S. Highhouse (Eds.), Handbook of psychology. Volume 12: Industrial and organizational psychology (2nd ed.): 643676. New York: Wiley Parke, M. R. (2017). The role of affect climate in organizational effectiveness. Academy of Management Review, 42: 334360. Rothman, N. B., Melwani, S. (2017). Feeling mixed, ambivalent, and in flux: The social functions of emotional complexity for leaders. Academy of Management Review, 42: 259282 Schneider, B., Ehrhart, M. G., Macey, W. (2013). Organizational climate and culture. Review of Psychology, 64: 361388. Walter, F., Cole, M. S., Humphrey, R. (2011). Emotional intelligence: Sine qua non of leadership or folderol? Academy of Management Perspectives, 25(1): 4559.

Saturday, April 11, 2020

Butterbox Babies Essay Example

Butterbox Babies Essay Lovely Babies For Adoption is what the advertisement for the Ideal Maternity Home and Sanitarium versed to many couples unable to bear children beginning in the late 1920s.Although the ad held true as to the children, the operation of this business was far from lovely.Originally designed as a sanitarium for the sick, the hospital soon became a birthing facility.Operating without any supervision, the facility was a place of joy for couples adopting an infant, but a place of shame and despair for unwed mothers. Lila Gladys Coolen met and married William Peach Young in 1925.William was an unordained seventh-day Adventist minister and Lila, also of the same faith, was a teacher in Fox Point, Nova Scotia.After being married, the couple left Nova Scotia to return to school in Chicago.William attended the National College of Chiropractic, while Lila pursued a degree at the National School of Obstetrics and Midwifery.In February of 1928, the Youngs opened The Life and Health Sanitarium out of their four bedroom cottage.Lila began delivering babies and within a year, the facility had been renamed The Ideal Maternity Home and Sanitarium and it;s sole purpose became a birthing facility and adoption center for unwed mothers. During this time, Canadian and US laws were similar in banning the use of birth control or the performance of abortions.This left many women banished and shamed from their homes and communities because of illegitiment pregnancies.With the creation of this facility, many unwed mothers saw an opportunity to keep their secret from society.A newspaper advertisement placed by the Youngs, was carefully written and geared to lure women in.It read: ;Dame gossip has sent many young lives to perdition after ruining them socially,that might have been BRIGHT STARS in society and a POWER in the world of

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION AND PERFORMANCE Essays

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION AND PERFORMANCE Essays THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION AND PERFORMANCE Essay THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION AND PERFORMANCE Essay Motivation can be a key-contributing factor in employee performance. It is of great importance to an organization to recognize ways in which it can use employee motivation to positively affect employee performance. The methods used by organizations to motivate its employees are essential in determining how they affect employee performance. There are both positive and negative motivational tools that may be explored. The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between motivation and employee performance. Motivation is generally defined as the psychological forces that determine the irection of a persons level of effort, as well as a persons persistence in the face of obstacles. When a person has an increased level of effort and persistence in the workplace they tend to be highly motivated and this more often leads to a higher level of performance. However, the reason for an employees motivation may not necessarily be attributed to the organization . It is possible for an employee who is highly motivated to have low performance and the opposite for a lower motivated employee to have high performance. Although possible, most research studies show higher correlation between higher motivation and higher employee performance. There are both positive motivators and negative motivators that can be utilized by the organization. Positive motivators as employed by organizations may include employee benefits such as increased compensation, bonuses, stock options, profit sharing and other such rewards. Employees may be motivated by both intrinsic and extrinsic rewards. Intrinsic rewards may be the ability to work autonomously, acknowledgement, and an interest in the type of work they are doing. Extrinsic rewards may be employee recognition, monetary benefits, and other such material rewards. Negative motivators may include a bad performance review, verbal and written warnings, suspension, and termination warnings. An employer may use these various methods in which to motivate its employees. Performance is an evaluation of the results of a persons behavior: It involves determining how well or poorly a person has accomplished a task or done a Job. High employee performance leads to greater organizational success. In order for an rganization to try to acquire higher levels of employee performance via increased employee motivation they must have a strategy to do so effectively. The strategy must ultimately focus on achieving organizational goals while maintaining ways in which to influence motivation, which then inspires employee performance. From the organizational standpoint, there are key factors that impact motivation and its effect on employee performance. One such factor is setting goals for employees that incorporate the vision of the organization. When goals are set for the employee t provides an incentive for the employee and also benefits the organization upon completion relatlve to tne organlzatlons goals as well. Anotner Tactor Is employee engagement. Employee engagement and input allows for a level of commitment from the employee and may serve as an organizations way to be in tune with employee concerns. It is also extremely important to recognize the treatment of employees as a factor of motivating employees and their performance. Employees that are treated well by their organization in turn feel that they are a valued member of the team and ssentially its employer. This contributes to the level of trust that the employee has in the organization and can positively impact how well they perform for the company. Also, it is important to have a clear sense of leadership demonstrated for employees so that they are able to learn from these qualities displayed by successful leaders in the organization. Great leadership helps to motivate employees to perform at high levels and achieve organizational goals, which provide employees with the opportunity to develop within the organization. There are several theories based on motivation provide support for the relationship between motivation and performance. These theories include: Expectancy Theory, MasloWs Hierarchy of Needs, Herzbergs Motivator-Hygiene Theory, McClellands Needs for Achievement, Affiliation and Power, Equity Theory and Goal-setting Theory. Expectancy theory suggests that motivation is high when employees believe that high levels of effort lead to high performance and high performance leads to attaining desired outcomes. MasloWs Hierarchy of Needs says that five basic needs must be et by people in the order from bottom to top with each higher level upward leading to motivated behavior. Herzbergs Motivator-Hygiene Theory focuses of two factors attributed to the workplace: 1) meeting basic expectations 2) leading to increased performance. McClellands Needs for Achievement, Affiliation, and Power identifies three needs for a person 1) achievement 2) affiliation 3) power; of which all three pertain to a persons desire to perform well, have positive interpersonal relationships, and the desire to influence others. The Equity Theory is ones perception of fairness elative to their work outcomes and work inputs. Goal-setting Theory focuses on motivation of workers in order to contribute to overall performance of organization based on goals set. All these theories provide explored background information for employee motivation and its relationship to performance. An employees performance isnt solely based on the level of motivation but has an enormous amount of potential to have the greatest influence. There has been consistent empirical evidence to suggest that motivated employees means better performance. Due to motivation being linked to employee engagement, satisfaction, commitment, and an employees intention to quit, it can be said that these major factors also contribute to performance. Their contribution to an employees performance can be directly linked therefore the way in which they serve as components of motivation shows linkage to employee performance. These indicators play a major role in an employees overall performance. An organization and its managements focus through the utilization of employing ways in which to motivate its employees as a performance enhancement should be a rlmary Tocus. I nere are countless ways In wnlcn tney are aDle to ao so ranging from both extrinsic and intrinsic rewards and employee recognition. However, these are valuable for leaders and their organization to know and actively participate in these activities as the idea of motivating employees is not only of beneficial importance to employees but also to an increased level of performance for company employees and the overall organization. Bibliography Motivation in Todays Workplace: The Link to Performance, SHRM Research Quarterly: Second Quarter-2010 hrm. org/research/articles/articles/ Owen E. Richason IV, Motivation Employee Performance, Small Business Houston Chronicle http://smallbusiness. chron. com/motivation-employee- performance-1964. html George, Jones. Understanding and Managing Organizational Behavior Sixth Edition. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education Inc. , publishing as Prentice Hall, 2012. Nohria, Groysberg, Lee, Employee Motivation: A Powerful New Model, Harvard Business R eview http://hbr. org/2008/07/employee-motivation-a-powerful-new-model/ aril

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Business Ethics Corporate Social Responsibility Assignment

Business Ethics Corporate Social Responsibility - Assignment Example Their importance is hierarchical as explained above. That is, from top to bottom. 2. The potential costs of such an investment is that a lot of money will be pumped into carrying out research that is related to development of medication that can be used to treat the river blindness disease. The revenue likely to be generated from the sale of this drug is likely to be lower than the money invested. However, the benefit of such investment is that millions of lives would be saved. This would help the company to create trust among different stakeholders. In the long run, this drug is likely to generate profits when people realise its effectiveness. 3. Indeed Merck could justify this investment given that their operations are guided by their value system which posits to the effect that medicine is for people not for profits. It is important for Merck to convince the shareholders that profits can be reaped from the sale of the drug in the long run after people have first gained trust in th e new drug. In order to make such a decision, it is imperative for Merck to show other shareholders that the health of the targeted people is more important than the company’s profit oriented goals. 4. ... These employees value the life of people hence they would not support action that jeopardises the live of the targeted people. If the decision to develop the drug is made, then employee loyalty is likely to decline since they would also have a guilty conscience that they are selling a drug that is not safe to people. 5. If the decision to develop the drug is made, there is likely to develop media hype that is likely to tarnish the image of the company. There would be a public outcry that the company that is supposed to be saving the interests of the people is now putting its profit oriented goals ahead of the health and safety concerns of the targeted people. The company is likely to lose its credibility since it would be jeopardizing the lives of the targeted people. As aptly stated by its value system, the company should not prioritise its profit oriented goals ahead of the interests of the people who are supposed to benefit from the drug offered. On the other hand, if a decision n ot to develop the drug is made, the company is likely to gain the trust of people since it would have proved that it is oriented towards the needs of the stakeholders. Indeed, there might be a public outcry from some sections of the society but this decision is justifiable since it does not aggravate the situation. A lasting solution is needed to solve the problem at hand not decisions that are likely to impact negatively on the targeted people. 6. Merck had an ethical obligation in as far as the development of the drug was concerned. First foremost, it is Merck’s responsibility to establish the impact of the drug on the targeted people. Even if the drug had a small